Bills, bureaucracy leaves us without light: the scandalous Italian quibble

Bills, bureaucracy leaves us without light: the scandalous Italian quibble


They could help us reduce the gas consumption but the bureaucracy confines them to limbo. It’s “renewable energy communities“, groups of citizens, local authorities, but also small and medium-sized enterprises, which come together to produceclean energy – especially with the photovoltaic – That they need. With several benefits. Energy, first of all, is at no cost. Each participant then receives an incentive for each kilowatt hour shared with the other members. Finally, if the community decides not to stock the surplus produced, can sell it at current market prices. Which have exploded in recent months. Yesterday, on the Power Exchange the Pun (single national price) arrived at 637 euros per megawatt hour. In January 2021 it was 60. But if the advantages are numerous, the problems are not lacking. L’inertia of politics and bureaucracy, in fact, has hindered the way to energy communities: the European directive “Red II” of 2019 which provided for them has not yet been fully applied. With the consequence that, to date, the limits of power and physical distance between members are relevant. Two elements that actually prevent companies, at least those of a certain size, from setting up an energy community. After all, as the director of Free, Alessandro Sallustientrepreneurs who produce energy from green sources in excess they cannot sell it to their neighbor but, by contract, they are obliged to give it to the manager who sells it on the market at current stellar prices.


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STOPPED SINCE 2019 – Yet, to make life easier for businesses, it would take little: implement the EU directive and the national laws that have been enacted in the meantime. At the end of 2019, Italy implemented the part of the EU law that provided for the establishment of energy communities (with the power and distance restrictions still in force today). Then, in November 2021, it was decided to adopt the directive in full. Too bad that, since then, the implementing decrees have not been issued, with which to extend the limits envisaged in 2019, and the incentive tables have not been approved. With the definitive rules (which had to see the light at the end of June), the total power could reach one megawatt (against the current 200 kilowatts). Furthermore, while community members must now be connected to the same “secondary substation” of electricity, therefore a few hundred meters from each other, with the new rules they will be able to connect to the electricity grid through a “primary substation”, which may also include three or four different municipalities (or two or three districts of a large city). In short, it would be a good step forward. Also because, in addition to decreasing the use of fossil sources, polluting and above all imported from abroad, among the advantages there is also that of reducing waste: with a widespread diffusion on the territory, there would be no dispersions caused by the transport of energy. on long routes. At the moment the communities are few, just 35 according to the Gse (manager of energy services). And all (or almost) of small dimensions, like that of the municipality of Ferla, in the province of Syracuse, which has four members.


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GORDIO’S KNOT – “Never as in this historical moment” he emphasizes Daniele Lazzeripresident of the think tank international The Gordian Knot, “There is a need to create as many renewable energy communities as possible”. Especially given the current crisis. “The unsustainable increase in the prices of gas and electricity, with the dramatic repercussions on costs for families and businesses, requires technical bodies and the legislator to speed up the time needed to enact the regulations for implementing this precious instrument for sharing consumption. private citizens can benefit with their photovoltaic systems, but also businesses and public administrations ». This path to give full breath to energy communities, however, could be hindered by bureaucracy. Of course, from the Ministry of ecological transition they assure that the regulatory gaps will be filled by December. But, with a delay of more than three years and a change of government at the gates, it is legitimate to doubt it.

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